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Limiting programs for induction in artificial intelligence

Caldon, Patrick, Computer Science & Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW

2008

  • Title: Limiting programs for induction in artificial intelligence
  • Author/Creator: Caldon, Patrick, Computer Science & Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW
  • Subjects: Artificial Intelligence. ; Logic programming.
  • Resource type: Thesis
  • Type of thesis: Ph.D.
  • Date: 2008
  • Awarding institution: University of New South Wales. Computer Science & Engineering
  • Description: This thesis examines a novel induction-based framework for logic programming. Limiting programs are logic programs distinguished by two features, in general they contain an infinite data stream over which induction will be performed, and in general it is not possible for a system to know when a solution for any program is correct. These facts are characteristic of some problems involving induction in artificial intelligence, and several problems in knowledge representation and logic programming have exactly these properties. This thesis presents a specification language for problems with an inductive nature, limiting programs, and a resolution based system, limiting resolution, for solving these problems. This framework has properties which guarantee that the system will converge upon a particular answer in the limit. Solutions to problems which have such an inductive property by nature can be implemented using the language, and solved with the solver. For instance, many classification problems are inductive by nature. Some generalized planning problems also have the inductive property. For a class of generalized planning problems, we show that identifying a collection of domains where a plan reaches a goal is equivalent to producing a plan. This thesis gives examples of both. Limiting resolution works by a generate-and-test strategy, creating a potential solution and iteratively looking for a contradiction with the growing stream of data provided. Limiting resolution can be implemented by modifying conventional PROLOG technology. The generateand- test strategy has some inherent inefficiencies. Two improvements have arisen from this work; the first is a tabling strategy which records previously failed attempts to produce a solution and thereby avoids redundant test steps. The second is based on the heuristic observation that for some problems the size of the test step is proportional to the closeness of the generated potential-solution to the real solution, in a suitable metric. The observation can be used to improve the performance of limiting resolution. Thus this thesis describes, from theoretical foundations to implementation, a coherent methodology for incorporating induction into existing general A.I. programming techniques, along with examples of how to perform such tasks.
  • Supervisor: Martin, Eric, Computer Science & Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW
  • Language: English
  • Rights: http://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/copyright; http://unsworks.unsw.edu.au/copyright
  • Print Availability: T/2007/152 ()

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